Sub-Saharan Africa is, geographically, the area of the continent of Africa that lies south of the Sahara.According to the UN, it consists of all African countries that are fully or partially located south of the Sahara.
The Arabs forged the Rashidun (632–661), Umayyad (661–750) and the Abbasid (750–1258) caliphates, whose borders reached southern France in the west, China in the east, Anatolia in the north, and the Sudan in the south.Simplified climatic map of Africa: Sub-Saharan Africa consists of the Sahel and the Horn of Africa in the north (yellow), the tropical savannas (light green) and the tropical rainforests (dark green) of Equatorial Africa, and the arid Kalahari Basin (yellow) and the "Mediterranean" south coast (olive) of Southern Africa.The numbers shown correspond to the dates of all Iron Age artifacts associated with the Bantu expansion. The plaintiffs, Robin Mayfield, Owen Mayfield, William Mayfield and the Estate of Mark Stevens filed a lawsuit against multiple defendants, including Butler Snow LLP, The City of Madison, Madison Mayor Mary Hawkins-Butler, and others. Mark Mayfield, was a tea party leader and attorney charged in the Cochran photo scandal. District Court for the Southern District of Mississippi North Division, claiming deceased attorney Mark Mayfield of Ridgeland killed himself because of the “political machine” involved in the Rose Cochran photo scandal dating back to 2014. Mayfield’s wife and sons claim that Mark Mayfield’s constitutional rights were violated and he was kidnapped and falsely imprisoned.It was a moment of extraordinary hope for our nation—but I couldn’t help thinking about a darker time years before at that very site. I could see the flames burning Wilmington, the violence erupting on the news of Martin Luther King Jr.’s assassination, the federal troops taking over my city.