When programmatically issuing certificates it can be helpful to backdate them by a few hours or even a day.
That way, if the client machine's clock is behind the CA machine's clock it won't have a problem using the newly-issued certificate.
James Balsillie, RIM's co-chief executive officer, admitted yesterday his company backdated stock options granted to employees. While RIM's special committee described a number of instances of improper options-granting practices, it said it found no "intentional misconduct" on the part of any director or employee. Securities and Exchange Commission and the Ontario Securities Commission are reviewing RIM. "It's just a road map." Dimitri Lascaris, a lawyer acting for the Ironworkers Ontario Pension Fund, which owns 13,200 RIM shares, filed a lawsuit against the company in January. RIM announced a series of board and executive changes yesterday. Balsillie will remain co-CEO but will give up the title of chairman to an as-yet unnamed independent director, while chief financial officer Dennis Kavelman will leave his position to become chief operating officer.The first step in untangling the causes of backdating is to acknowledge that the backdating phenomenon must be driven by both supply and demand factors. Lipman, Incentive Stock Options and the Alternative Minimum Tax: The Worst of Time, 39 Harv. Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010, Pub. From the supply side, the question is what motivates a firm to grant a backdated option, and from the demand side, what motivates an executive to demand (or, at the very least, accept) a backdated option? Without some amount of backdating, the certificate will appear to be outside of its validity window on the client machine.We've encountered lots of Windows machines where the clock appears to be correct, but is off by several hours from the correct UTC time.In its most basic form, backdating can range from the blatant falsification of a document to take advantage of a lower stock price to allowing executives to select a grant date during a specified period, for example during the 30 days after the grant is approved by the board or committee.